what is the most common nail disorder


Onychomycosis, which is caused by a fungus and the most prevalent of nail ailments, can affect either toenails or fingernails, though it is more pervasive in the latter. Symptoms include thickening, discoloring (usually a yellow or brown hue), crumbling or breaking of the nail. If neglected and unresolved, it could lead to graver complications, such as inflammation of the skin (cellullitis) or bone infections.

A number of fungi, such as dermatophytes and yeasts, can cause onychomycosis. Of these, dermatophytes are generally the primary culprits of the infection. This is because they thrive on the deceased keratin which makes up the nails,making them vulnerable to infestation through cuts or cracks in the skin. The result can be tell-tale thickening, yellowing and browning of the nails or even brittleness and breakage.

Toenails are just as susceptible as fingernails to onychomycosis, owing to the often-confined area of the toes that is dark, moist…..implying a utopia for fungal growth. Moreover, since toenails are more likely than fingernails to experience small nicks and cuts in the skin, the risk for infection is further increased.

If you are suffering from onychomycosis, you might be able to soothe the symptoms with over-the-counter antifungal medications. In more critical cases, though, seeking professional medical care and taking oral antifungal medications may be necessary. While these medicines can provide lasting relief, one should take special care to consider potential side effects.

For those with onychomycosis, proper hygiene is a must in order to avert its progression. Refrain from interchangeably using nail clippers or other personal items with others. Additionally, wearing artificial nails can only be detrimental—thus, it needs to be excluded from the equation.

If you find yourself the sufferer of onychomycosis, a nail disorder often brought on by fungi, there are a couple of options you can pursue. For starters, mild cases can be treated at home with non-prescription antifungal medicines. Conversely, severe cases might call for an appointment with your local physician.

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