what are the common nail diseases and disorders


Our nails are invaluable to us, their purpose extending far beyond superficial aesthetic. They provide a protective barrier for our extremities and create a stable support for grasping items. Not only are they integral to our safety, but they also add a distinct and charming flair to our overall appearance.

Despite their strength and durability, nails may be prone to particular illnesses and conditions. These maladies can target the nail plate, the nail bed, as well as the skin lying in its vicinity.

Typical Ailments of the Nail: An Overview

Onychomycosis, more commonly referred to as nail fungus, is a common condition that triggers several negative changes in the nails; such as thickening, discoloration, and weakening. In some cases, the nails may split away from the nail bed. Fungi of the dermatophyte type are typically to blame for this affliction.

Nail psoriasis, a condition typically associated with psoriasis, can have an adverse effect on the nails. It can cause thickening, indentations, flakiness, and detachment from the nail bed. Various forms of deterioration can all be symptoms of this concern.

Injuries to the nails or the skin surrounding them can result in nail trauma. This form of trauma often results in weakened nails that may become brittle, cracked, or chip easily. Commonly, it is triggered by bumps and bruises, such as the kind that may result when your finger slams into a door.

Painful, swollen toes can result from the edges of the nail pushing into the flesh surrounding them. This uncomfortable scenario is known as ingrown toenails. Overly tight shoes may be the source of this ailment, leading to an uncomfortable and possibly serious condition.

The brittle nature of drying nails can lead to their splitting, which manifests as breakage and peeling. This traumatic transformation of nails is often accompanied by exposure to substances like soaps and detergents as well as the direct use of nail polish removers.

While the normal coloring of the nails can differ slightly between individuals, discoloration of the nails may be an indication of a particular problem. Various conditions, such as nail fungus, psoriasis, and trauma, can all alter the pigmentation of the nails.

Fragility: Issues such as nail fungus, nail psoriasis, and accidental damage may give rise to nail fragility.

A plethora of ailments can plague the fingernails, so it is important to remain diligent and aware of the signs and symptoms of various nail diseases and disorders. If you suspect that you may have contracted one of these conditions, it is vital to consult a licensed medical professional for a comprehensive assessment.

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