An everyday 10d common nail is a steel staple that measures 0.148 inches (3.8 mm) across and 3.25 inches (82.6 mm) in length. The 10d stands for ‘10 pennyweight’ – a measure assigned to nails – and describes that this particular type of fastener amounts to 0.0074 lb (0.3 g). This relatively diminutive figure is achieved by dividing the staples total weight, 0.148 lb/per 20 nails taken together.
Framing projects typically require the use of the 10d common nail but this is only one size among a plethora of nails that are available, depending on the application. For example, intricate trim projects may necessitate the use of a finishing nail which is smaller than its common counterpart, while roofing endeavors will necessitate larger ones.
Determining the appropriate length of a nail is key when selecting the type of fasteners you need. For example, at 3.5 inches (88.9 mm), a 16d common nail is long enough to securely penetrate a 2×4 board; however, a 6d finishing nail – measuring only 2 inches (50.8 mm) – would not provide the same strength of hold when used on such material. Therefore, the thickness of what you’re nailing should always be taken into account when selecting the right size of nail for the job.
When exploring your options for a common 10d nail, its weight should be an important part of your considerations. Heavier nails are more susceptible to buckling or snapping, so they might not always be the ideal selection. On the other hand, lighter nails are easier to handle and are less likely to harm the material they’re piercing.
For successful framing projects, the 10d common nail is the go-to size. But if you have other applications in mind, there are a range of nails to choose from and it pays to take their diameter, length, and weight into account. Don’t make assumptions; select the appropriate nail for the task at hand and you’ll ensure a successful end result.